The following five effective reading instruction strategies not only work with any curriculum, but in an era of budget cuts, it’s good to know that these strategies can easily be deployed with no additional funding.
Five Effective Reading Instruction Strategies
1. Empower your students by giving them choices. Research suggests that children who get to choose at least one item to read per day show not only increased engagement, but also an increase in reading comprehension skills. Allowing students reading choices has a big payoff!
2. No text should be taught in isolation. “Across the Curriculum” has become the mantra of contemporary education—and for good reason. If knowledge and skills overlap and spill over from one class into the next, they explode with energy and real life application! Students can see those connections and articulate them through in-class discussion and authentic group activities
3. Writing that Transcends the Classroom. Say you were learning to play Beethoven’s 14th Sonata on the piano. Before fumbling through the piece on your own, one of the first things you would probably do is listen to the way that an expert has performed it to get a sense for the nuances of its rhythm, mood and feel.
The same goes for writing. Writers, just like musicians need a model. Worksheets and fill-in-the-blank exercises are just that—exercises. They may show students where to place the commas, but they won’t show them how to use language in a rhetorical way. Empower your students by giving them opportunities to read, hear, and discuss good writing, then apply these strategies to their own writing choices. It will be rewarding for both you and the students to see them take ownership of their own work and see writing as exploration!
4. Read Out Loud and Read Aloud. As we mentioned above, one of the most effective reading comprehension strategies is modeling. It’s a benefit to the whole class to hear other students read. Research has shown that when students read out loud, it helps the brain orient to rhythms, cadence, tone, expression and context. Reading to your students helps in much the same way. Children and adults of all ages benefit from read alouds.
5. Reading Clubs.The more children engage with each other about what they are reading, the more excited they get about the process. Set up book groups and literature circles each week, allowing students to chat freely about their ideas, suggestions, and opinions. It boosts reading comprehension skills and provides a positive social cognitive environment to enhance understanding and explore concepts!
Looking for a few new ways to improve reading comprehension in your classroom? Download your own free copy of the Marygrove Master in the Art of Teaching’s Guide to Best Practices in K-6 Reading Comprehension today!